About the IICI
The IICI is comprised of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI) and the Institute for International Criminal Investigations Foundation (IICIF). They are non-profit, international organizations dedicated to the training of international criminal investigators and related professionals in the techniques of investigation of genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law (IHL).
The IICI supports international criminal justice and fact-finding mechanisms with training and the rapid deployment of professional, multi-disciplinary investigative teams.
The IICI was founded when a group of eminent persons observing the establishment of the International Criminal Court recognised that there was no comprehensive training program for investigators of international crimes.
In 2003 the IICI established its Headquarters in The Hague, the Netherlands. The IICI was developed with the advice and participation of staff members from the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and Rwanda (ICTR), the former Chief of the Irish Defence Forces, the Irish Centre for Human Rights, the Royal Netherlands Army School for Peace Missions and Physicians for Human Rights.
Some of the expertise of the now dissolved NGO International Criminal Law Services (ICLS) (www.iclsfoundation.org
) has been transferred to IICI. Former ICLS experts, including some members of the ICLS Board of Directors, are now associated with IICI. ICLS’ expertise on providing technical assistance, capacity-building and other advisory and assistance services to prosecutors, judiciaries, governments, inter-governmental organizations, international organizations and others in the area of international criminal justice now resides in IICI. ICLS’ publications, and related intellectual property rights, also now belong to IICI. See the publications page
on the ICLS website for the public online versions of these publications.
Members of the IICI Board of Directors and Council of Advisors originate from Australia, Britain, Cambodia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, India, Ireland, Pakistan, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States. (For more details please see our people
IICI is an American 501c(3) tax-exempt corporation incorporated in the State of California. IICIF is a Dutch charitable foundation based in The Hague, The Netherlands.
IICI courses are designed after extensive consultation with experts in the field of international investigations and prosecutions. The Institute offers both a comprehensive International Investigator Course, covering various aspects of international investigations, and specialized courses in specific skills such as interviewing, analysis, documentation of crime scenes and investigation of sexual and gender based violence.
International Investigator Course - Since 2001 the IICI has conducted eighteen International Investigator Courses (IICs), two-week residential courses that bring students from all over the globe to study four major areas: international humanitarian law; military organization, weapons and operations; forensics; and investigative methodology. As of this writing, almost 400 students have completed the IIC course.
Investigation of Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) Course – In 2012 the Institute held its first course in the Investigation of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence, designed to give practical and effective guidance to people called upon to document SGBV crimes at the international level. The training is also intended and to increase the pool of experts who can be rapidly deployed to lead and participate in investigations into conflict-related gender-based crimes.
Documentation of Scenes of War Crimes and Human Rights Violations Course - This course, held for the first time in June 2012, covers topics considered essential to the effective documentation of scenes of war crimes and human rights violations and adds to the skills of those involved in these important investigations. It aims to ensure that notes and photo-documentation obtained at crime scenes, often at great risk, will have their greatest possible impact and will be capable of use by experts, for effective advocacy and for use in judicial proceedings.
Standard Professional Interview Course and Advanced Investigative Interview Course - These courses are designed to provide participants with the skills to carry out effective and professional interviews with witnesses. The advanced course covers the additional knowledge and techniques necessary to interviewing those who may be disadvantaged through age, developmental or post-traumatic stress disorder, for example children, rape victims or those with a learning disability.
Analysis Skills Course – This course covers topics considered essential to those who will deliver analysis in the context of investigations of serious violations of international humanitarian, criminal and human rights law.
Justice Rapid Response (JRR)
– JRR is a multilateral stand-by facility to rapidly deploy criminal justice and related professionals trained for international investigations at the service of states and international organisations. The IICI is the training provider for JRR and designs and delivers all JRR Roster Certification Courses and Workshops. For more information about JRR visit justicerapidresponse.org
Bespoke Courses – The IICI also designs courses in collaboration with local and international stakeholders to meet the specific needs of justice sector professionals, human rights workers and civil society actors in states emerging from conflict. These courses are designed after extensive consultation with stakeholders in the various organizations and sectors where training in investigation skills is needed. For example, in Uganda from 2009-2011 the IICI held consultations with national and international stakeholders, then designed and delivered a series of tailor-made training courses for lawyers, police investigators, judges and others involved in the investigation and prosecution of crimes committed in the armed conflict in Uganda. To date IICI has also designed and delivered similar courses in Cambodia, the DRC, Kenya, Rwanda and more recently South Sudan, as well as for staff of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
Philosophy and Approach
The Institute works on the basis that investigators from different countries and different legal systems, trained to the same high standards, can be made available to both international tribunals and national courts. The local experience of a trained investigator will have value at the international level and vice-versa. This approach is possible because skills such as interviewing, evidence gathering and analysis are universal, although the investigator must be attuned to local cultural and legal realities.
The Institute believes that investment in a high professional standard in investigations pays dividends in every aspect of justice processes.
For details of the courses IICI currently offers please visit our Courses page
The Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI) is an independent international organization constituted for the purpose of providing criminal justice and human rights professionals with training in the techniques and knowledge necessary to impartially investigate and adjudicate egregious human rights violations, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide, and for the purpose of quickly deploying multi-disciplinary teams to investigate such violations or crimes. The Institute also provides advice and support in order to ensure accountability for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.
The Institute will pursue these aims as an apolitical, non-profit, non-governmental organization in close cooperation with other non-governmental organisations, human rights organisations, human rights advocates and defenders, duly constituted judicial bodies, including ad hoc Criminal Tribunals, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court. The Institute will also assist truth commissions and other truth and justice mechanisms as appropriate.