Board of Directors, Council of Advisors, and Staff of the IICI

Board of Directors and Officers

The Board of Directors of the IICI is the governing body of the Institute. It is composed of experts from around the world, and from disciplines relevant to both teaching and conducting investigations into serious violations of international humanitarian law. Military officers, human rights investigators, academics, criminal investigators, and experts in international law have joined forces to create a new approach to the investigation of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Delia Chatoor

Delia Chatoor is a foreign service officer with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Trinidad and Tobago. For the past two years she has been the Head of the Americas Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and provides guidance on International Law (International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law) to the Ministry and other institutions. She has also been delivering lectures on these subjects as well as Multilateral Diplomacy to the University of the West Indies and other institutions. She has been assisting in the setting of examination papers for new officers to the Ministry. She is the holder of a Masters Degree in International Law from University College, London and a post-graduate diploma in International Relations from the University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago.

Gerald Gray

Gerald Gray is a clinical social worker who was in the private practice of psychotherapy for 20 years. In 1986 he founded Survivors International, a San Francisco Center to provide clinical and social services to refugee survivors of political torture. He was president of the board of directors for 10 years, and was a psychotherapist to torture survivors from many countries.
In 1998, he founded and became Executive Director of The Center for Justice and Accountability, an organization dedicated to ending the impunity of human rights violators. The Center supports various projects, ranging from tracking violators in the U.S. and preparing cases for criminal prosecutions by the Department of Justice, to suing violators in civil court for recompense, to initially sponsoring the Institute for International Investigation (now IICI).

William D. Haglund

William D. Haglund was Director of the International Forensic Program for Physicians for Human Rights, a Boston-based Non-Governmental Organization until he retired in 2006. Areas where he has been involved in forensic missions include Central America, Africa, Former Yugoslavia, Cyprus, Sri Lanka, East Timor and Sierra Leone. He was Chief Medical Investigator of the King county Medical Examiner's Office, Seattle, Washington, for several years. In December 1995 he took a position with the United Nations as Senior Forensic Advisor for the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda.
Dr. Haglund teaches medical legal death investigators through the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission. He received his B.A. degree in Biology from the University of California at Irvine and his Ph.D. in physical anthropology from the University of Washington.
Dr. Haglund's publications are in the areas of outdoor scene processing for human remains, taphonomy, and human identification. They include three books: Taphonomy: the Postmortem Fate of Human Remains, Advances in Forensic Taphonomy: Methods, Theory and Archeological Perspectives and Medico Legal Death Investigator Training Manual. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, and has served as an affiliate member of the Board of Directors of the National Association of Medical Examiners. He was also a three-time president of the Washington State Coroner/Medical Examiner's Association.

Raymond McGrath

Raymond McGrath, President, has been a private investigator in San Francisco, California since 1978. During his career, he has conducted investigations into murder, arson, child kidnapping, rape, extortion, and fraud.After learning his trade under the tutelage of well-known investigator Jack Webb, he opened his own firm in 1988. His work has encompassed both civil and criminal litigation. McGrath has international investigative experience, having worked in France, Hong Kong, mainland China and Ireland. He has been qualified as an expert in investigations in a California state court proceeding.
In 1999, McGrath participated in a panel on training and investigation at the Hague Appeal for Peace. Since that time he has helped to organize the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. In 2010 he was named a Fellow of the Purpose Prize, awarded to Americans who make a significant contribution to social progress in their second careers.

Lt. Gen. Gerry McMahon

Lt.Gen. Gerry McMahon retired as Chief of Staff of the Irish Defense Forces in 1998 after a career of 45 years at home and overseas. Commissioned into the Infantry he served in a wide selection of command and staff appointments at home, including being a logistics officer at Western Command Headquarters, an instructor at the Irish Military College, Commanding Officer of the 5 Infantry Battalion and an operations staff officer at Defense Headquarters.
Towards the end of his career he served as Commandant of the Military College, Defense Forces Quartermaster-General and Deputy Chief of Staff before becoming the Chief of Staff for his final four years of service. He had wide experience on overseas peacekeeping missions throughout his career, serving at various times in the Congo, Cyprus, Israel, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq. He also spent a year working in the Dept. of Peacekeeping Operations in UN HQ New York.
Since retirement he is enjoying his leisure time. He writes for the Irish Times and Examiner newspapers and dabbles in the lecture circuit. He is also involved in some projects that interest him, one of these being the Institute for International Criminal Investigations.

Bernard O'Donnell

Bernard O'Donnell has extensive experience in conducting, leading and managing national and international investigations. His career includes service with the Australian Federal Police, the United Nations Civilian Police, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (The Hague), the Independent Inquiry Committee into the UN Oil-for-Food Programme (New York), the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Geneva), the United Nations Development Program (New York) and (currently) the European Investment Bank (Luxembourg).   Along with professional investigation training from a number of organisations, Bernie has undertaken undergraduate studies in social sciences (Charles Sturt University) and post graduate studies in business (Monash University), finance (University of Leicester), accounting (University of Canberra), and law (University of London and University of de Montfort, Leicester).

Nancy Pemberton

Nancy Pemberton is a private investigator in the San Francisco, California Bay Area. An active member of the State Bar of California between 1985 and 2015, Pemberton practiced law in federal and state courts for several years before becoming a private investigator. In 1992, she founded the investigative firm of Mason, Tully & Pemberton, which specialized in criminal defense and complex civil litigation. Pemberton developed an expertise in capital case mitigation investigation, and worked as both an investigator and an attorney on capital cases.  Her work has also emphasized internal work place investigations, particularly for school districts.
Pemberton earned her B.A. in Economics from San Francisco State University, graduating summa cum laude. She attended Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley where she was named to the Order of the Coif. Pemberton currently serves on the finance committee of the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California and the audit committee of the Akonadi Foundation.  She is Secretary/Treasurer of the IICI and IICIF.

Ken Roberts

Ken Roberts is the Senior Legal Officer in the Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia.  His earlier professional engagements in the private and public sector include having worked for 15 years at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in a number of capacities including Deputy Registrar and Senior Legal Officer in Chambers.  He also served as Chief of the Legal Policy Unit in the Department of Justice of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo.  Mr. Roberts co-founded International Criminal Law Services Foundation, serving as Chairperson of the Board of Directors from 2006-13.  He has published articles and co-edited a book on international criminal law.  He is a member of the Bar of Ontario, Canada, and a graduate of the University of Toronto (B.A.), the University of Western Ontario (LL.B.), and the London School of Economics (LL.M.).

Heather Ryan

Heather Ryan is the Open Society Justice Intiative's representative in Cambodia, monitoring the work of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (Khmer Rouge trials). Previously she was the Associate Director of the Global Green Grants Fund in Boulder, Colorado USA, which makes global grants to grass roots organizations in the developing world. She was the project director for the Carr Center Domestic Human Rights Project. She joined the Carr Center in May of 2000 after spending a year and a half working with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia as the liaison in The Hague for the Coalition for International Justice.
Prior to that she worked for the American Bar Association's Center and East European Law Initiative doing judicial reform work in Sarajevo, Bosnia, and Herzegovina. For 18 years, she was a partner with the law firm of Hutchinson Black and Cook, LLC in Boulder, Colorado. She graduated from the University of Colorado School of Law and served as a law clerk for the Honorable William E. Doyle of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals.

William Schabas

William Schabas, Order of Canada, Chair of the Board, is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London.  He is also professor of human rights law at the National University of Ireland, Galway.. He holds an MA degree in history from the University of Toronto and an LLD from the University of Montreal.
Professor Schabas is the author of 12 books and more than 90 articles in the area of international human rights, including The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law (Cambridge, 1997) and Genocide in International Law (Cambridge, 2000). He has frequently participated in human rights fact-finding missions for international NGOs such as Amnesty International and the International Federation of Human Rights.

Jayne Stoyles

Jayne Stoyles is a lawyer, the first Executive Director of the Canadian Centre for International Justice, and an Ashoka Canada Fellow. Jayne served for several years as the Program Director of the NGO Coalition for the International Criminal Court in New York, a network of 2,000 NGOs worldwide that helped bring about the establishment of the Court and that was twice nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize during her tenure. She has been a Senior Adviser to the Institute for Global Policy in New York on issues of human security, UN reform and international justice, provided International Humanitarian Law training for the Red Cross, and taught international law at Carleton University in Canada. Before and during her law degree at Queen's University, Jayne did volunteer placements in Africa, Latin America and a First Nations community in northern Canada. She is the 2010 winner of the Walter S. Tarnopolsky Human Rights Award and of the Lord Reading Law Society Human Rights Award, and was named one of Ottawa's Top 50 People in 2008 by Ottawa Life Magazine. She has been featured in The Precedent and in the Charity Village Spotlight.

Desmond Travers

Desmond Travers is a retired Colonel of the Army of the Irish Defence Forces. His last appointment was as Commandant of its Military College. In a career spanning over forty years, he served in various command and instructional appointments in the Infantry Corps. He was a founder of two of the Forces' teaching and training institutions.
He also served in command of troops and in key operational appointments with various UN and EU peace support missions. These were in the Middle-East (Cyprus, Lebanon) and in the Former Yugoslavia (Croatia and Bosnia and Hercegovina).  He is a student of military history and his works are published internationally from time to time.

Kaoru Okuizumi

Kaoru Okuizumi is the Deputy Chief of the Criminal Law and Judicial Advisory Service of the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations in New York.  Ms. Okuizumi's previous assignments include Deputy Registrar of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, Legal Adviser to the Registrar of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, Legal Officer in the Registry of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and International Lawyer with the Human Rights Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina.  Ms. Okuizumi has also worked in United Nations field operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kosovo and Nepal.  Ms. Okuizumi is a member of the New York State Bar and a graduate of the University of Chicago (B.A.), the New York University School of Law (J.D.) and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University (M.P.A.).  In 2010, she was a Wasserstein Fellow at Harvard Law School.

Beth Van Schaack

Beth Van Schaack is the Leah Kaplan Visiting Professor in Human Rights at Stanford Law School—where she teaches in the areas of international human rights, international criminal law, and atrocities prevention—and a Faculty Fellow with the Handa Center for Human Rights & International Justice at Stanford University.  Prior to returning to academia, she served as Deputy to the Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues in the Office of Global Criminal Justice of the U.S. Department of State.  In that capacity, she helped to advise the Secretary of State and the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy and Human Rights on the formulation of U.S. policy regarding the prevention of and accountability for mass atrocities, such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide.  She continues to serve as a Special Government Expert on the State Department’s Advisory Committee on International Law.  At Stanford, she has also been a Visiting Scholar with the Center for International Security & Cooperation of the Freeman Spogli Institute.

Prior to her State Department appointment, Van Schaack was Professor of Law at Santa Clara University School of Law.  In this capacity, she served as the Academic Adviser to the United States interagency delegation to the International Criminal Court Review Conference in Kampala, Uganda in 2010. Van Schaack joined the Santa Clara faculty from private practice at Morrison & Foerster LLP where she practiced the areas of commercial law, intellectual property, international law, and human rights.  Prior to entering private practice, Van Schaack was Acting Executive Director and Staff Attorney with The Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA). She continues to advise a number of human rights and international justice organizations, including: the Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam), the Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI), the National Institute of Military Justice (NIMJ), the International Justice Resource Center (IJRC), the Syrian Commission on International Justice & Accountability (CIJA), CJA, and Accountability Council. Van Schaack is a graduate of Stanford University and Yale Law School. 


Council of Advisors

The Council of Advisors is composed of prestigious individuals in the field of international law. The Institute relies upon these volunteers for their expertise and advice.

M. Cherif Bassiouni

M. Cherif Bassiouni is Professor of Law, DePaul University and President of the International Institute of High Studies in Criminal Sciences, Siracusa, Italy. He has served in a wide range of capacities with the United Nations, including Special Rapporteur on The Rights to Restitution, Compensation and Rehabilitation for Victims of Grave Violations of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the United Nations Diplomatic Conference on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court in 1998; Vice-Chairman of the General Assembly's Ad Hoc Committee on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court in 1995; and Chairman of the U.N. Commission of Experts Established Pursuant to Security Council 780 (1992) to Investigate Violations of International Humanitarian Law in the Former Yugoslavia in 1993.
Author of 60 books on U.S. Criminal Law, International and Comparative Criminal Law and Human Rights and 198 published articles, his publications have been cited by the International Court of Justice, the United States Supreme Court, United States Appellate and District Courts, and State Supreme Courts.  In February 2011 the Human Rights Council appointed M. Cherif Bassiouni as Chairperson of the Commission of Inquiry to investigate all alleged violations of international human rights law in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

Youk Chhang

Youk Chhang is the Executive Director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia, a project begun by the Cambodian Genocide Center at Yale University. The Center, operated entirely by Cambodians, gathers evidence of human rights violations by members of the Pol Pot regime. The Center's aims are to provide the public with a better understanding of the Pol Pot regime, and to those who might wish to pursue legal redress for crimes which might have been perpetrated under the Democratic Kampuchea, and to prevent the return of the Killing Fields to Cambodia through legal and peaceful means.
Prior to working with the DC-Cam, Chhang was appointed by the United Nations to be part of the election monitoring force in Cambodia. He also served as community relations advisor to the Dallas, Texas Police Department.

Richard J. Goldstone

Richard J. Goldstone is a former member of the Constitutional Court of South Africa and the former Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. He is the author of For Humanity: Reflections of a War Crimes Investigator (Castle Lectures in Ethics, Politics, and Economics) (Yale University Press, September 2000), with a foreword written by The Honorable Sandra Day O'Connor. In 2009 he was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council to lead the UN Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict.

Dennis McManus

Dennis McManus is Professor of Patristics and Medieval Latin Literature, Georgetown University. In addition to being a Latin Literature scholar, Professor McManus is an expert in ethics. He has been active in organization development with a number of non-profits and is currently advisor to the Board of Trustees of the Grgich Foundation.

Karen Snell

Karen L. Snell graduated from Stanford Law School in 1981. She began her legal career as a litigation associate at the San Francisco law firm Morrison & Foerster. From 1987 to 1989 she worked as a criminal appellate lawyer. In 1989 she joined the Federal Public Defender's Office in San Francisco, and eventually became the Supervising Attorney in charge of training trial attorneys. In 1996, Ms. Snell formed Clarence, Snell & Dyer LLP, a five attorney litigation firm where she was a named partner until 2003. She now works as a solo practitioner, representing plaintiffs in federal civil rights cases and defendants facing international extradition.

Lord Wasserman

Lord Wasserman is an advisor to the British Government on policing and criminal justice. He has previously been and advisor to the Commissioner of Police, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a Don in Economics at Oxford University, and Head of Information Technology in the British Home Office during the Thatcher government. He was raised to the peerage as Baron Wasserman, of Pimlico in the City of Westminster 2011.



The success of IICI courses and projects is a direct result of the expertise of its core team, its faculty and its consultants.  The IICI is privileged to be able to utilise a range of presenters who are experts in their fields and have a wealth of practical experience in their respective subject areas. 

IICI Core Team


Philip Trewhitt

Philip Trewhitt is the Institute's Executive Director. A British national, Philip has over 17 years’ experience of conducting and leading investigations including into violations of international humanitarian law and human rights, as well fraud and corruption within international organisations. From 2003-2004, he was the UK government focal point on transitional justice in Baghdad; he then headed the Baghdad team conducting investigations into breaches of Iraqi sanctions under the United Nations Oil-for-Food Programme. Following a number of positions in the United Nations, he was appointed in 2011 to lead the investigation team for the UN Commission of Inquiry into breaches of international humanitarian law and human rights by all parties to the Libya conflict. Immediately prior to joining IICI, Philip was a fraud and corruption investigator with the European Investment Bank in Luxembourg. He holds an undergraduate degree in Law and an MA in War Studies from King's College, London. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2004 and is a recipient of the Office of the US Secretary of Defense Public Service Award.

Gabriel Oosthuizen

Gabriel Oosthuizen is an international lawyer based in London, UK, and is IICI’s Programme Director. His earlier positions include Chief of Party of the Uganda Project of the Public International Law & Policy Group; Executive Director, International Criminal Law Services; Head, Legal Unit, UN mission in Kosovo; and Associate Legal Officer, Chambers, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. He has written, lectured and consulted on international and southern African affairs, and on public international law and international criminal law. He holds an LLB from the University of Pretoria (South Africa) and an LLM in Public International Law cum laude from the University of Leiden (Netherlands).

Professor Ray Murphy

Dr. Ray Murphy is a professor at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland. He completed his B.A. in 1979, and then took a Bachelor in Law (LL.B.) degree in 1981. He completed a B.L. degree and was called to the Irish bar in 1984 and a Masters degree in International Law (M.Litt.) at Dublin University (Trinity College) in 1991. In 2001 he completed his Ph.D. in International Law at the University of Nottingham, England. In addition to his position at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, Prof. Murphy is on the faculty of the International Institute for Criminal Investigations and Justice Rapid Response. He has also conducted training on behalf of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the International Institute for Humanitarian Law at San Remo (Italy)  and the Pearson Peacekeeping Center, Canada. Prof. Murphy is a Commissioner with the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission.  He is a former member and Vice Chair of the Executive Committee of Amnesty International (Ireland). Prof. Murphy  is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Association of Human Rights Institutes. I

Prof. Murphy was a Visiting Scholar at the Centre for International Law, Al-Haq, Ramallah in 2014. He was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship in 2006 and worked with Human Rights Watch in New York as a resident scholar.  He is a former Captain in the Irish Defence Forces and he served as an infantry officer with the Irish contingent of UNIFIL in Lebanon in 1981/82 and again in 1989.  He was Chairperson of the Broadcasting Complaints Commission from 1997 to 2000. He has field experience with the OSCE in Bosnia in 1996 and 1997. He has also worked on short assignments in west and southern Africa and the Middle East for Amnesty International, the European Union and the Irish Government.

Willie Nugent

Willie Nugent is the founder and Managing Director of Eurocheck Security Consultants Limited.  Willie served in the Irish Defence Forces for over twenty years, retired with the rank of Captain in 2001 and set up Eurocheck Security Consultants Limited. While serving in the Irish Defence Forces, he served in the Military Police, Army Ranger Wing and the Cavalry Corps. He served three years in South Lebanon as part of UNIFIL (the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon). While he was heavily involved in security, operational and training aspects, he also has extensive experience in the areas of logistics and transport.

Willie is strongly committed to human rights and democracy and served as Special Security Officer with EUBAM (The European Union Border Assist Mission at Rafah) in Gaza and Israel in 2009. During the last three years he has conducted Hostile Environment, Security Awareness and War Crimes Investigation training throughout Europe, Africa, the Middle East and South America. Willie holds a Level 7 Certificate in Further Education from the National University of Ireland at Maynooth.

Ulic Egan

Ulic Egan is Programme Manager for the IICI. He has a Bachelor of Civil Law degree from the National University of Ireland, Galway and a Master’s degree in International Criminal law from the Irish Centre for Human Rights. He previously worked as a legal research consultant to the Law Society of Ireland and as an intern for the Appeals Division of the Office of the Prosecutor at the ICTY. He has also worked as a legal clerical officer for the Prosecution Policy Unit at the Director of Public Prosecutions, Ireland. Ulic is published in the Oxford Reports on International Law (ORIL) and has also published on the topic of Irish Neutrality.

IICI Faculty


Henriëtte Stratmann

Henriette Stratmann joined the IICI in December 2003 and opened the IICI's office in The Hague. She is now a Consultant to IICI projects. Ms Stratmann studied philosophy and anthropology at the Free University in Amsterdam. She has worked for several human rights organizations, including Amnesty International and Physicians for Human Rights where she specialized in identifying missing and 'disappeared' persons. She participated in the 2003 International Investigator Course.

Bruce Bursik

Bruce Bursik has been a member of the IICI faculty for the past ten years.  He is a specialist in international investigation skills and investigation of scenes of major and mass crime.  He was a Detective Captain in the South African Police Service, where he investigated serious crimes such as murder and arson for twelve years. He thereafter joined the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) as an Investigator and spent the following six and a half years investigating genocide and crimes against humanity in post war Bosnia, specifically those resulting from the fall of Srebrenica in July 1995. He then investigated serious criminal cases, on behalf of the United Nations, in post conflict areas such as East Timor, Afghanistan and Kosovo before returning to Bosnia as an investigator for the Bosnian State Court War Crimes Division, where he served for two years as a senior field investigator. Bruce then joined the fight against Maritime Piracy in the East African Region, serving as a United Nations police adviser/trainer to the Seychelles Police Force for a year and a half. Bruce then joined the Seychelles Police Force in 2012 and went on to become the Director of the National Crimes Services Division. He is currently the national head of the Criminal Investigation Division (CID) in the Seychelles and holds the rank of Superintendent. 

Glyn Morgan

Glyn Morgan is an intelligence and analysis expert.  He has been part of the IICI team since 2006.  He is the principal of Glyn Morgan Consulting, providing intelligence and analysis services and training to a range of international clients.  He worked in these fields for eleven years at Europol as a Project Manager, Intelligence Centre Officer, Western Balkans Coordinator and Lead Analyst.  Prior to that he was a Strategic Intelligence Analyst and Military Analyst at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).  Glyn started his career in the British Army as an infantry officer where he was deployed to the Falkland Islands, Northern Ireland and Cyprus.    Prior to joining the ICTY he was a Force Intelligence Analyst with the West Midlands Police in the United Kingdom. Glyn has a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Policing and Police Studies, a Master of Science (M.Sc) in Criminal Justice Studies and a Postgraduate Diploma in International Relations.  He has also completed a range of professional training courses, including an Army officer leadership and command training course; an Infantry officer battle combat course; a reconnaissance and intelligence officer training course; intelligence analysis (ANACAPA) and software (I2) training courses; Intelligence Operative analysis training course; a strategic analysis Course, an on-line child pornography investigations course and a project management course.   He is qualified for admission to the Society of Certified Crime Analysts (SCCA).  Glyn speaks Dutch, German and French.

Maxine Marcus

Maxine Marcus is a member of the IICI faculty and an International Law and Sexual and Gender Based Violence expert.  Previously she was a trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.  She is an international criminal attorney/investigator with extensive international criminal law and human rights field experience in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Ingushetia (for Chechnya), Kosovo, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, and Chad (for Darfur, Sudan).  Max has written and lectured on international humanitarian law and human rights law, and has provided formal and informal technical support and guidance to prosecutors, police, military, international and local IGOs and NGOs, and community-based organizations, in the fields of international humanitarian law, international human rights law, refugee law, gender crimes, sexual and gender based violence, human rights instruments and advocacy, international criminal tribunals, and international criminal investigations, and she has a particular expertise in the investigation of crimes of sexual violence.  Maxine Marcus served as lead investigating attorney for the Civil Defence Forces prosecution team in the Special Court for Sierra Leone.  In addition, in August 2004, Maxine Marcus was part of a US Department of State and American Bar Association-sponsored investigation into allegations of violations of international criminal law in Darfur, Sudan.  In March 2005, Maxine Marcus was an expert trainer for prosecutors from the Iraq Special Tribunal, and conducts sessions on Investigating Crimes of Sexual Violence for IICI. 

John Michael Dixon

Mike Dixon is a practitioner specialising in the management and investigation of grave crimes against international law. A former Detective Chief Superintendent within Specialist Operations, Metropolitan Police Service, New Scotland Yard, UK with responsibility for the investigation of international, serious & organised crime (1970-2000). He was a consultant for Counter-Terrorism to the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, UK (1999-2005). He was Director of UK Hostage Negotiation training and international operational response (1996-2000). He led a series of investigations of British nationals & others, kidnapped & subsequently murdered in Cambodia 1994-96 during Khmer Rouge (KR) guerrilla warfare. He subsequently served with the UN within the Office of the Co-Investigating Judges of the Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia (2006 to 2008).

A graduate (LL.B.) and Associate of Kings College (AKC), University of London, UK, he is a consultant for the Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI) in The Hague; & a member of Justice Rapid Response (JRR) in Switzerland.  

Patricia Viseur Sellers

Patricia Viseur Sellers is an international lawyer and expert on gender based issues.  Ms Sellers was the Legal Advisor for Gender Related Crimes, Acting Senior Trial Attorney, Trial Attorney, Acting Head of International Law Section: United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Office of the Prosecutor, The Hague, The Netherlands from 1994-2007.  She is widely published and has given over 60 lectures to international audiences on gender related topics.  She has been recognised internationally for her work in this area on seven separate occasions.

The staff of the IICI are also assisted by a range of expert consultants hired on an as needs basis.